of symbols or archetypes
ultimate is Wu Ji, the great void, usually depicted as an empty circle. After
that comes Tai Ji, the symbol of yang and yin turning around and eternally
arrangement makes sense in regard to the colors: they are split in additive and
subtractive colors. The additive colors refer to light and to heaven. Together
they create white (white light). The subtractive ones to pigment and to earth,
together they are black. See
an excellent discourse about the colors of the trigrams and their meaning/logic.
The single line in each trigram decides about its color (wave-length), its place
and its gender.
But the two other lines/colors together create this same color!
But why the trigrams have this place in the diagram is not very clear. Maybe
that small yang is yin with yang added, and the left 3 trigrams are yin with one
yang line added. Same, but yang with yin, for the other side.
There are other
arrangements possible. I have most connection with diagram 2. I think here the
combination of the elements makes sense. Fire and wind belonging to heaven,
water to earth. And the Chinese say that thunder comes out of the earth . . .
arrangement: here the outer lines come from a bigram, and the middle line is
In this arrangement the colors have some logic. At left the 'spiritual' half of
the rainbow, and at right the 'life'-half. It make also sense in regard to the
old meanings. Thunder comes 'out of the earth' for the ancient Chinese. Wind
belongs to heaven. Lake is receiving (receiving water), so it is yin.
The bigrams make sense too: yang always has some yin inside and yin always some
yang ('inside' is below).
One thing is different from the Chinese view: here
cool is male and warm is female. Male as the blue, thinking, side of the
rainbow, and female as the red, feeling, side maybe? Heaven blue and earth green
and red? And yellow!
The difference with the arrangement 1 and 2 above: not
is small yang, but
yang and yin are reversed, but nobody knows what is small (or young) yang and
also searched Chinese books about small yang and yin, but they do not agree.
is yin, others say it is yang.
But according to
Shao Yong (who made the Xiantian diagram), this
bigram is yang,
and since he is an authority, I will stick to that one.
is small yang and
is small yin (diagram 3) thunder and lake are male and belong to heaven.
Reversed (diagram 1, 2) they are female and belong to earth.
To me, the bigram
yin seems to have more logic than as
yin. But looking at the colors: all warm colors on the yang side, all cool
colors on the yin side!
In diagrams 2 and 3, the tangible things are on the outside, and
the more one nears the center, the more intangible the symbols are.